Bison & Native Americans

“A long time ago this land belonged to our fathers; but when I go up to the river I see camps of soldiers here on its bank. These soldiers cut down my timber; they kill my buffalo; and when I see that, my heart feels like bursting; I feel sorry.”
- Santana, Chief of the Kiowas, 1867. U.S. Bureau of Ethnography Annual Report, 17th, 1895-96.

“The [bison] herds not only shaped the prairie, they also molded prehistoric cultures as the material and spiritual focus of plains tribes for centuries.”
-Wade Parsons, Symphony in the Flint Hills Field Journal (2008) page 54

“The buffalo are disappearing rapidly, but not faster than I desire. I regard the destruction of such game as Indians subsist upon as facilitating the policy of the Government, of destroying their hunting habits, coercing them on reservations, and compelling them to begin to adopt the habits of civilization."
- U.W. Secretary of the Interior Delano testifying before Congress in 1874 (Wooster, Robert. The Military and United States Indian Policy 1865-1903 , Yale University Press, 1988).